Teachers have a hard job. First, their students don’t always want to be there. Next, funding often runs short. In addition, very few schools have all the technology teachers would like to have. But what if your job was to teach technology…without any technology at all?
It may feel like trying to move a mountain, with nothing but the strength of your will to do it. You are about to meet someone doing just that to educate his students.
Teaching I.T. in Ghana
Reddit user The9thKing submitted this photo of a teacher in Ghana doing his best to teach word processing with Microsoft Word…using only a chalkboard.
It’s a striking image. And, according to fellow Redditors, not an uncommon one.
User dtaylorshaut who worked in Africa with the Peace Corps writes,
“He’s likely copying a printout image. This is a standard approach to teaching IT in much of rural Africa, and yes it’s depressing and a very frustrating reality that kids are expected to learn IT without any electricity or computers.”
User cfinelli7 adds,
“I taught computer classes at a primary school in a small farming village in Ghana a couple of years ago. We had to teach it exactly like this because even though the school I was at had a computer lab (which is uncommon) there was only electricity about 25 percent of the time there.”
Poor electrical infrastructure is a problem in nearby Nigeria, as well, according to user nag1878.
“Lived in Nigeria! Always screamed NEPA!!” (NEPA is the Nigerian Electric Power Authority, which, the New York Times reports, people say actually stands for “Never Expect Power Always.”)
But lest you think it’s only an African problem, user Steinauf85 assures us that electrical power in Scranton, Pennsylvania is unreliable as well.
But low tech isn’t all bad, Cfinelli7 argued.
“It was interesting to see how on days that we did not have power we ended up teaching them more because the kids always got distracted on the computers.”
So. It’s easier to teach kids to use computers without computers, so that the computers don’t distract them. Make sense?
Education in Ghana
The image plays into many people’s stereotypes about Africa. Namely that all of Africa is technologically and educationally backward. Although this is true in some places — and in some places in the United States — Ghana is not one of those places. Among developing nations, Ghana has a high literacy rate — 76 percent for men, and 71 percent for women. This is much higher than most of Ghana’s neighboring countries. In addition, quite a few other African countries have literacy close to that in the United States and Europe.
Ghana has had free (and compulsory) education at the elementary and middle school levels since 1995. In September of 2017, president Nana Akufo-Addo made education free at the high school level as well. This will open up many opportunities for the estimated 100,000 students every year who pass the Basic Education Certificate Examination, but drop out because their families can’t afford to pay for high school.
But even free education and high educational standards aren’t conquering the infrastructure gap. As user dtaylorshaut explains, bureaucrats set educational standards in the capitol city, where infrastructure and technology are more advanced than in rural areas. As a result, rural students end up at a disadvantage. Said dtaylorshaut,
” I found it ridiculous that kids would have to pass IT portions of the National Exam to find upper Secondary (high school) or University placement without ever having even used a computer.”
And yet Ghana continues to put education first. And it’s having some impressive results. As of 2015, nearly 90 percent of school-age Ghanaian children attended school. This is significantly higher than in nearby Nigeria (64 percent).
Here’s a video report from Pulse with more information.
In 2018; This is PATHETIC!!!Somewhere in Ghana, Teacher teaches ICT by drawing on the blackboard in the absence of a computer😳😳🇬🇭
Posted by Pulse Ghana on Tuesday, February 20, 2018
How You Can Help
Poverty continues to be the number one factor that keeps Ghanaian kids from continuing in education. This is especially true in rural areas. If you would like to help bring technology and education to Ghanaian schools, please consider volunteering for or donating to one of the following organizations:
- Ghana School Aid: An umbrella organization that supports numerous schools and educational projects all over Ghana.
- The Ghana Education Project: This project focuses on educating girls in rural Ghana.
- Pencils of Promise: Builds schools, supports teachers, and supports education of children around the world.
Help at Home
American schools and teachers need your help as well. If you have a few hours a week to give, consider volunteering at your local public school. In addition, you might consider supporting some of these fine organizations:
- Donors Choose: Help individual teachers in U.S. schools to buy supplies and fund educational projects. You, the donor, can choose the teacher, the school, and the project. 100 percent of your donation goes to that teacher.
- Educate America: This is a clearinghouse of charities supporting schools and educational projects in the United States.You can support any of dozens of different programs.
- Charity Navigator: Search for educational (and other) charities based on theme, location, and more. In addition, Charity Navigator rates charities on the basis of financial health, accountability, and transparency.
Teachers worldwide struggle with some of the same issues. But, as we can see, teacher creativity and resourcefulness are universal.
Featured image is CC0, by bschut, via Pixabay.